Sunday, March 29, 2009

How to insert or enable smiley / symbols in Outlook mail?

Some times we may need to add some emoticons with our emails, a single smiley or emoticon can express happiness or anger, which we may not be able to express though texts. Here are some ways to insert smiley with outlook mail.

I auto correct option is enabled in your Outlook, you can use the below method:

:) (Column and right bracket) It will show a smile emoticon J

:| (Column and vertical line key) It will show a happiness emoticon K

:( (Column and left bracket) It will show a sorrow emoticon L

Here is the way to enable auto correct option in your outlook.

If MS word is installed, open word and go to Tools -> auto correct options -> Just check 'replace text as you type'.

If MS word is not installed this way will not work, so try the below options:

Press the blow key:

ALT+074 – You will get Smile emoticon

ALT+075 – You will get Happiness emoticon

ALT+076 - You will get sorrow emoticon


Initially you will get a letter, select the letter and change its font to wingdings.

Use numeric keypad to type numbers.

Try now! Happy smiley..!!

Thursday, March 26, 2009

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

How to use Robocopy command to copy folders and contents

Robocopy (Robust File Copy) is a command-line file copying tool in Windows Vista. Although Robocopy is available for free with the download Windows Resource Kit since Windows NT 4.0, it has never been an official feature of the operating system until the arrival of Vista. Unlike other built-in file copying commands such as Copy and XCopy, Robocopy is designed for reliable copy or mirroring of entire folders of any size, and in the copying process, ensure that all NTFS ACLS, attributes, owner information, alternate data streams, auditing information, timestamps and properties are copied except security information unless explicitly requested with /COPYALL switch.

And best of all, Robocopy works over network connections that are subject to disruption or outages with resume copying feature, and has progress indicator on the command line that is useful when copying large files.

Robocopy Syntax
ROBOCOPY source destination [file [file]…] [options]
where source is Source Directory (drive:\path or \\server\share\path), destination is Destination Directory (drive:\path or \\server\share\path) and file is File(s) to copy where names or wildcards can be specified and default is “*.*” (all files).

Robocopy Options and Switches
Copy options :
/S :: copy Subdirectories, but not empty ones.
/E :: copy subdirectories, including Empty ones.
/LEV:n :: only copy the top n LEVels of the source directory tree.
/Z :: copy files in restartable mode.
/B :: copy files in Backup mode.
/ZB :: use restartable mode; if access denied use Backup mode.
/EFSRAW :: copy all encrypted files in EFS RAW mode.
/COPY:copyflag[s] :: what to COPY for files (default is /COPY:DAT).
(copyflags : D=Data, A=Attributes, T=Timestamps).
(S=Security=NTFS ACLs, O=Owner info, U=aUditing info).
/DCOPY:T :: COPY Directory Timestamps.
/SEC :: copy files with SECurity (equivalent to /COPY:DATS).
/COPYALL :: COPY ALL file info (equivalent to /COPY:DATSOU).
/NOCOPY :: COPY NO file info (useful with /PURGE).
/SECFIX :: FIX file SECurity on all files, even skipped files.
/TIMFIX :: FIX file TIMes on all files, even skipped files.
/PURGE :: delete dest files/dirs that no longer exist in source.
/MIR :: MIRror a directory tree (equivalent to /E plus /PURGE).
/MOV :: MOVe files (delete from source after copying).
/MOVE :: MOVE files AND dirs (delete from source after copying).

To use Robocopy is simple, just like how you would use Copy and Xcopy commands. For example, to copy entire folder of C:\Users to C:\UserBackup, simply type:
Robocopy C:\Users C:\UserBackup

Saturday, March 21, 2009

Error : Your computer could not be joined to the domain. You have exceeded the maximum number of computer accounts you are allowed to create in this d

Error: "Your computer could not be joined to the domain. You have exceeded the maximum number of computer accounts you are allowed to create in this domain. Contact your system administrator to have this limit reset or increase".
    Resently I got a call regarding this problem. A user, previously he used to add machine to domain, but now getting this error message. As I am coming to know this kind of error for the first time, I just googled, and found some facts regarding this error.

The basic reason of this error is because, the maximum number of machine accounts any authenticated user can join is 10 by default. And this error message only occurs if you have already joined 10 workstations to the domain.

There is a way in ADSI Edit (Active directory Service Interface) to overcome this kind of issue.

Use an Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI) script to increase or decrease the value of the Active Directory ms-DS-MachineAccountQuota attribute.

How to edit ADSI.
Install the Windows 2003 Support tools if they have not already been installed. To install these tools, run Setup.exe from the Support\Tools folder on the Windows Server CD ROM.
Run Adsiedit.msc as an administrator of the domain.
Expand the Domain NC node. This node contains an object that begins with "DC=" and reflects the correct domain name. Right-click this object and then click Properties.
In the Select which properties to view box, click both.
In the Select a property to view box, click ms-DS-MachineAccountQuota.
In the Edit Attribute box, type a number. This number represents the number of workstations that you want users to be able to maintain concurrently.
Click Set, and then click OK.
Editing this option, the default value, that is 10, can be changed to other values.

Thursday, March 19, 2009

Some Useful blogs from My friend........

I just went through some of the blogs of my friend Mr. Ashif, from Calicut (He is a techie, and having a good exposure in Windows server domain). I liked some of his blogs and I am listing some of them here,so that you can just walk around all the stuff there.

Articles for techies

Helpful interview questions and answers for techie job aspirants



Here is an article from techiesland

Add your Photos in My Computer Properties..

Add your Photos in My Computer Properties

Todo this:

1. Open Notepad.

2. Type the following:


Manufacturer="Your company name"

Model=Intel® Core™2 Duo

[Support Information]

Line1= Your phone number

Line2= address

Line3= Your email or webiste


3. Save as "oeminfo.ini" in the System32 folder.(Without Quote)

4. Create a bmp file(Your Photo) and save it the System32 folder as "oemlogo.bmp"(Without Quote).

5. Now Check your My Computer Properties.

And I just have done it...........!

Saturday, March 14, 2009

Configuring Power Management through Group Policy

It is a daunting task to configure power management through group policy, even though there are options for power management in individual clients, it had been difficult to configure power management through GPO for the entire Active Directory network. At these contexts, a free tool will help you to configure Power Management, which makes some modification in GPO template, registry and the AD schema as well. You can add a new GPO template for power management, and through that template you can configure power management for all the clients in the Active Directory domain, and there is a client agent to be installed to individual PCs, this particular task you can achieve through software deployment option in GPO.

This article, which also contains a ‘How to do’ video, will help you to deploy EZ Power management Tool in GPO.

Microsoft Vista will have new centralized group policies for managing power save mode that can save companies a lot of money in their electric bill. Windows XP users have some ability to do this too with command line tools in Group Policy but it isn't easy to use. But now there is a free tool called EZ GPO that can make centralized management of Windows XP power consumption easy.

What is EZ Power Management tool?

For the U.S. EPA ENERGY STAR program, Terra Novum developed the EZ GPO tool to centrally manage power management settings on Windows client workstations using Group Policy Objects under Active Directory using Group Policy as well as using eDirectory/NDS using Zenworks. The tool is released under a BSD style open source license and has no per seat licensing charge.

You can download the tool from here:

Deploying EZ GPO Power Management

See this video, which shows how to deploy EZ GPO template and EZ client application. And then read the description below for more understanding:

ADM Template

Install the ADM GPO template located at "server GPO/EZ_GPO.adm" by opening the "Active Directory Users and Computers" MMC located in Administrative tools. Right click on the domain you want to manage and click properties. Click the "Group Policy" tab and highlight the "Default Domain Policy". Click edit and a new MMC will come up with two sub headings of "Computer" and "User". Expand the "User" hive and then under that expand the "Administrative Templates" hive. Right click on that hive and click "Add/Remove Templates". Click Add and navigate to where you unzipped/installed the EZ_GPO tool. The ADM file in under the "server GPO" directory. Highlight the file and click open. This will load the ADM template under the "Administrative Templates" hive under the name "EZ GPO by the Environmental Protection Agency". You will have three group policies to work with. NB: On Windows Server 2003, the default behavior has changed and the snap in will no longer copy the ADM file to the %SystemRoot%System32\Inf directory when you import it so you will have to copy it there yourself before loading the template into the snap in although this is not required. You may have an alternate location for your imported ADM files.

Binary Executable

Installing the binary (client installer/EZ GPO Installer.msi) is straight forward and leaves a great deal of latitude for the administrator. The easiest option it to install it using a machine based (NB: not a user based) software installation policy. This also will allow you to cleanly manage upgrades through time easily. Please note that if using AD's Software Installation, that for Windows XP clients, the client machines will require a few restarts before the software is fully installed. This is due to Fast Logon Optimization and Asynchronous policy refresh. For more info on that please see;en-us;305293&Product=winxp and

Friday, March 13, 2009

Easy steps to speed up your Windows XP

For last several days I have been experiencing significant slow down for my windows XP. It was taking long time to appear desktop after login in, whenever I click programs, it takes time to loads, especially some usual applications such as IE, firefox and Yahoo, poping up unusual programs while working on windows. These are some of the symptoms of the slowness. Now have been trying some of the steps to speed up my machine, I just wanted to make it as faster as a fresh installed copy of windows XP. It is around 6 months after I installed this Windows XP. I also installed Service pack 3, and most critical patches.

Here is the configuration of the Hardware:

Processor: Pentium D 1.6 GHz

Memory: 1 GB

Free space in C Drive: 5.20 GB

Here are some of the steps I am taking to speed up my Windows XP.

Stop programs that are starting at windows start up.

Stopping programs from running at start-up is especially daunting because there is no single place you can go to halt them all. Some run because they're in the Startup folder, others because they're part of logon scripts, others because of Registry settings, and so on. But with a little bit of perseverance, you should be able to keep them from running.

* Start by cleaning out your Startup folder. Find it in C:\Documents and Settings\username\Start Menu\Programs\Startup,
where username is your Windows logon name. Delete the shortcuts of any programs you don't want to run on start-up. As with any shortcuts, when you delete them, you're deleting only the shortcut, not the program itself. (You can also clear out the start-up items by going to Start > Programs > Startup, then right-clicking items you want to remove.)

* Next, clean out your Scheduled Tasks folder. Go to C:\Windows\Tasks, and delete the shortcuts of any programs that you don't want to run automatically on a schedule.

Note: You can bypass all the programs in your Startup folder on an as-needed basis. To stop XP from loading any programs in the Startup folder, hold down the Shift key during boot up. No programs in the Startup folder will run, but the items will still remain there so that they will start up as they would normally the next time you boot.

System Configuration utility (Msconfig)

Go to msconfig and uncheck programs that appear in start up. Make sure not to uncheck antivirus programs, because antivirus programs should run all the time in the background.


Taking the previous steps will stop the obvious programs from running at start-up, but it won't kill them all. The best tool for disabling hidden programs that run on start-up is the System Configuration Utility. To run it, type msconfig at a command prompt, and press Enter. (If that doesn't work, first do a search for msconfig.exe; when you find the file, double-click it.)

* To stop a program from running at start-up, go to the Startup tab in this utility, and uncheck the box next to the program. It can sometimes be difficult to understand what programs are listed on the Startup tab. Some, such as America Online, are clearly labeled. But often, you'll see a phrase or collection of letters, such as fs20. That's the name of the running file--such as fs20.exe, which is Free Surfer mk II, an excellent free pop-up killer.

* To get more information about a listing, expand the width of the Command column near the top of the Startup tab. Expand it enough and you'll see the start-up command that the program issues, including its location, such as C:\Program Files\Free Surfer\fs20.exe. The directory location should be another hint to help you know the name of the program.

* When stopping programs from running at start-up, it's best to stop them one at a time rather than in groups. You want to make sure that you're not causing any system problems by stopping them. So stop one, then restart your PC. If it runs fine, then stop another and restart. Continue doing this until you've cleared all the programs you don't want to run automatically.

Each time you uncheck a box and restart your PC, you'll get a warning that you've used the System Configuration Utility to disable a program from starting automatically. If you don't want to see that warning, disable it by checking the box in the dialog itself.

After you've used the system configuration utility to identify programs that run on start-up, you may want to try disabling them from with the programs themselves. So run each program that starts automatically, and see if you can find a setting that allows you to prevent it from running on start-up.

Is your system taking time to shutdown? Here is the way to speed up

It's not only start-up that you'd like to speed up; you can also make sure that your system shuts down faster. If shutting down XP takes what seems to be an inordinate amount of time, here are a couple of steps you can take to speed up the shutdown process:

* Don't have XP clear your paging file at shutdown. For security reasons, you can have XP clear your paging file (pagefile.sys) of its contents whenever you shut down. Your paging file is used to store temporary files and data, but when your system shuts down, information stays in the file. Some people prefer to have the paging file cleared at shutdown because sensitive information such as unencrypted passwords sometimes ends up in the file. However, clearing the paging file can slow shutdown times significantly, so if extreme security isn't a high priority, you might not want to clear it. To shut down XP without clearing your paging file, run the Registry Editor (click Start > Run, then type regedit in the Run box) and go to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management

* Change the value of ClearPageFileAtShutdown to 0. Close the Registry, and restart your computer. Whenever you turn off XP from now on, the paging file won't be cleared, and you should be able to shut down more quickly.

Note: Please be careful when editing the Registry; you can do a lot of damage here. Don't change or delete anything unless you know exactly what it is.

Disable unwanted services.

You can disable some of the unwanted services, for example if you are not using a printer, you can disable printer related services.

Here are some more steps:

Constantly running in the background of XP are services--processes that help the operating system run or that provide support to applications. Many of these services launch automatically at start-up. While you need many of them, some are not required, and they can slow down your system when they run in the background.

You can disable services at start-up by using the system configuration utility, similar to the way that you halt programs from running at start-up, except that you use the Services tab instead of the Startup tab. But the system configuration utility doesn't necessarily list every service that launches on start-up. A bigger problem is that disabling services is more of shot in the dark than disabling programs. When you disable a program, you can get a sense of what the program does. But when you disable a service through the system configuration utility, there's often no way to know what it does.

* A better way of disabling services at start-up is via the Services computer-management console. Run it by typing services.msc at the command prompt. The Services computer-management console includes a description of all services so that you can know ahead of time whether a particular service is one you want to turn off. It also lets you pause the service so that you can test your machine and see whether that service is needed.
* After you run the console, click the Extended tab. This view will show you a description of each service in the left pane when you highlight the service. The Startup Type column shows you which services launch on start-up--any with Automatic in that field. Click that column to sort together all the services that automatically launch on start-up. Then highlight each of those services and read the descriptions.
* When you find a service you want to disable, right-click it and choose Properties. In the Properties dialog box that appears, choose Manual from the Startup Type drop-down list. The service won't start automatically from now on, but you can start it manually via the console. If you want the service disabled so that it can't be run, choose Disabled. To test the results, turn off any services that you don't want to run by clicking Stop the Service in the left pane, or by right-clicking the service and choosing Stop.

Some of the services you can disable:

· Portable serial number

· Task scheduler

· Uninterrupted power supply

· telnet

· Wireless zero configuration services.

Thursday, March 12, 2009

A Close Look at Intel Core i7 Processor.

Intel officially released their new generation processor on November 17, 2008, it is considered as the follower of Intel Core 2 Quad.

About this time last year Intel launched what was the fastest 45nm quad core CPU on the planet, the Intel Core 2 Quad QX9770. Well, guess what, Intel has done it again with the latest architectural achievement, the Core I7 Extreme 965. What the two have is common is that they both are based on Penryn cores, they both are 45 nanometer chips and they both run at a clock speed of 3.2GHz. After these things what you have is a whole new animal. Gone from this chip is the twelve megabytes of L2 cache, this is replaced by a third level of cache at 8MB. Slow and inefficient it is not. With the addition of an integrated memory controller, the memory bandwidth is expected to be huge by comparison to today's top of the line processors, somewhere close to two to three times the peak bandwidth. SMT (Simultaneous Multi Threading) has made a return on the Core I7 generation. This will enable the processor to run a total of eight threads at one time. Some other new features are Dynamic Energy Management, new SSE4 instructions, three level cache with a shared 8MB L3 cache and improved branch prediction. Many are interested in the new efficiencies and features, while many think this generation will be the Holy Grail of processors, Lets find out just how it performs. That's the question that is on everyone's mind.
Intel, as you know, has been leading its smaller rival AMD in the performance sweeps for some time now, with a virtually unbroken lead since the debut of the first Core 2 processors more than two years ago. Even so, AMD has retained a theoretical (and sometimes practical) advantage in terms of basic system architecture throughout that time; thanks to the changes it introduced with its original K8 (Athlon 64 and Opteron) processors five years back. Those changes included the integration of the memory controller onto the CPU die, the elimination of the front-side bus, and its replacement with a fast, narrow chip-to-chip interconnect known as HyperTransport. Justify FullThis system architecture has served AMD quite well, particularly in multi-socket servers, where the Opteron became a formidable player in very short order and has retained a foothold even with AMD's recent struggles.
Now, Intel aims to rob AMD of that advantage by introducing new system architecture of its own, one that mirror's AMD's in key respects but is intended to be newer, faster, and better. At the heart of this project is a new microprocessor, code-named Nehalem during its development and now officially christened as the Core i7.
Intel Core i7 is a family of three Intel desktop x86-64 processors, the first processors released using the Intel Nehalem microarchitecture and the successor to the Intel Core 2 family. All three current models and two upcoming models are quad-core processors. The Core i7 identifier applies to the initial family of processors codenamed Bloomfield. Intel representatives state that the moniker Core i7 does not have any deeper meaning. The name continues the use of the successful Core brand. Core i7, first assembled in Costa Rica, was officially launched on November 17, 2008 and is manufactured in Arizona, New Mexico and Oregon, though the Oregon plant is moving to the next generation 32 nm process.

Product Information (from Intel website)

• 2.93 GHz and 2.66 GHz core speed
• 8 processing threads with Intel® HT technology
• 8 MB of Intel® Smart Cache
• 3 Channels of DDR3 1066 MHz memory

With faster, intelligent, multi-core technology that applies processing power where it's needed most, new Intel® Core™ i7 processors deliver an incredible breakthrough in PC performance. They are the best desktop processors on the planet.
You'll multitask applications faster and unleash incredible digital media creation. And you'll experience maximum performance for everything you do, thanks to the combination of Intel® Turbo Boost technology and Intel® Hyper-Threading technology (Intel® HT technology), which maximizes performance to match your workload.


• The Inquirer managed to get a 965 engineering sample to a core clock speed of up 4GHz with fan cooling and Turbo Booster alone.
• IT OC Taiwan overclocked an engineering sample of the 965, to 4.20 GHz with a QPI speed of 200 MHz and a multiplier value of 21.0x. A vCore setting of 1.72V was used, which is far higher than the stock of 1.25V.
• A Core i7 940 system running at stock speeds has obtained a 3DMark Vantage benchmark CPU score of 17,966. A Core i7 920 system scored 16,294 running at stock speeds. An Intel Core 2 Extreme QX9770, a very expensive member of the previous generation of Intel processors (costing over four times the price of the 920 at its launch), scored 13,182 also running at stock speeds.
• AnandTech tested the Intel QuickPath Interconnect (4.8 GT/s version) and found the copy bandwidth using triple-channel 1066 MHz DDR3 was 12.0 GB/s. A 3.0 GHz Core 2 Quad system using dual-channel 1066 MHz DDR3 achieved 6.9 GB/s.
• Maximum PC has discovered that Intel has unlocked the clock and memory multipliers on retail 920's and 940's. This is allegedly due to consumer feedback.
• Core i7-975 will have the new D0 Stepping.

Closer Look

When you look at the Nehalem CPUs by themselves you have to wonder what makes them so much different than the previous generation. On the left is the I7 965 Extreme Edition that features a non turbo multiplier of 24 and is unlocked both up and down. Couple the 24 multiplier with the 133MHz base clock frequency and you end up at 3.20GHz. The I7 920 is at the other end of the spectrum and has a maximum non turbo clock multiplier of 20 for a base clock speed of 2.66GHz, in turbo mode this will jump as high as 22 for a turbo speed of 2.93GHz, the same base frequency of the I7 940. To accommodate this massive chip the socket pin count is up to 1366 from the Core 2 processors 775 pin count.

Sunday, March 8, 2009

Here is the way to configure Clients to Pull patches from WSUS

When you set up WSUS you are prompted to set a specific time to check for and download updates to the server. There may be some instances however where you need to force this process. This often comes up when you first setup your WSUS server and want to test whether or not a client system can contact and update from your WSUS server.

Before we begin this process it is important to stop the automatic update service. On the client computer, go to the start menu, click run, and type “net stop wuauserv”.

Next, open the system registry editor by typing “regedit” in the run box. Browse to HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\Auto Update, and locate and delete the following keys:




Once these keys have been deleted, start the update service by entering “net start wuauserv” into the run box. Once you have done this the update service should then poll the WSUS server for any missing updates.

Alternatively, here is another method which will work for WSUS:

To update a client & pull updates from the WSUS server open the command prompt and type in:

Wuauclt /detectnow

This will go and probe the WSUS server. Once this has completed, it will automatically download the missing patches to the PC that you have set to 'install'.

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